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CHAPTER 1 -
An Overview
CHAPTER 2 -
The Practice of Virtue
CHAPTER 3 -
Concentration
CHAPTER 4 -
The Development of Insight
APPENDIXES
APPENDIX B
Outline with Questions

Chapter 1 An Overview
Section 2 Basic Standard of Conduct
Livelihood
The Community
Different ways of Developing Virtue

   To Serve a Teacher
   The Study of Consciousness
   Restraint
Sila or the Cool Clear State
   Recognition
   Virtue as a Physical Base
   Hypocrisy
The Function of Virtue
   Natural and Conventional Morality
   Bodily Purity
   Verbal Purity
   Mental Purity
Benefits of Virtue
Degrees of Virtue
Limited or Unlimited Benefits

Questions Chapter 1, Section 2
  1. Name several people that you consider to be the embodiment of virtue.
  2. In developing wholesome consciousness, do you function best in a community or on your own?
  3. What importance do you give the discipline of virtue in your life?
  4. Do you experience your instincts and your body to be in conflict with the development of virtue?
  5. Do you practice a strict code of ethical behavior? Do you consider it hypocritical when someone does not follow a strict code of ethical behavior?
  6. How would you define a virtuous person?
  7. Is virtue dependent upon a certain level of intelligence?
  8. Do you consider the society in which you live to be an ethical one?
  9. Do you believe that at times it may be necessary to break the law to remain an ethical person?
  10. Do you experience the suffering of an animal when it is injured?
  11. Do you experience the deception of others as necessary to living in a competitive world?
  12. Is it necessary for you to be strict in the control of your mind when you experience greed for a given object?
  13. Is it necessary for you to be strict in the control of your mind when you experience hatred towards another person?
  14. Is it necessary for you to be strict in the control of your mind when you experience a sluggish lethargy in the body?
  15. Do you recognize the benefits in your life now for having lived a virtuous life in the past?


Section 3 Motivation
The Purpose
Inferior, Medium and Superior
Altruism and Virtue
Commitment
The Rules
Attitude

Questions Chapter 1, Section 3
  1. Do you believe that virtue is an important quality to be cultivated in society?
  2. Do you think that there are different levels of virtue?
  3. What is the ultimate purpose to living an ethical life?
  4. Can a virtuous action, depending on its motivation, be defined as inferior or superior?
  5. Do you consider the natural mind to be pure?
  6. Are we as human beings prone to altruism?
  7. Do you see your commitment to the development of an ethical life as being the most important criteria for success?
  8. Do you find it easy to follow rules as defined by society in general?
  9. Are you able to follow the example of individuals you consider to be highly developed in the ethical life?
  10. If you are criticized by someone you do not respect, what is your reaction?
  11. If you are criticized by someone you do respect, what is your reaction?


Section 4 Mechanics of the Mind
Guarding the Doors
Habitual Stimuli
Inner Plane
The Sign
The Training
An Example

Questions Chapter 1, Section 4
  1. Are you aware of the drain of energy in certain types of environments?
  2. Are you aware of the increase of energy in natural environments?
  3. Can you predetermine your state of mind by focusing on certain stimuli?
  4. Can you recognize habitual states of mind that come from certain activities?
  5. Is there one kind of activity that you can name that produces depression in you?
  6. Is there one kind of activity that you can name that produces agitation or stress in you?
  7. Are there things that you find physically or mentally addictive?
  8. If you are sitting in a calm meditative state, can you experience the data coming from the senses without attraction or aversion?
  9. Have you experienced an instance in which you have projected an incorrect meaning onto an outward object? For instance, if you are walking outside at dusk and there is a coiled piece of rope on the ground have you been startled at the thought it was a snake?
  10. Do you have phobias of any kind?
  11. Do certain objects habitually attract you?
  12. Are there certain objects that you find consistently repulsive?
  13. When you are in a meditative state, can you recognize the sign or conceptual reality of an object arising in the mind?
  14. If there are certain things that you find addictive, do you have difficulty restraining those activities?


Section 5 Natural Wisdom
Basic Principles
The Natural Mind of Enlightenment

Questions Chapter 1, Section 5
  1. Can you rest your mind in a natural state free of internal dialogue?
  2. From this state, can you watch an impulse or desire arise?
  3. Do you experience the natural or childlike state as pure and free of obstructions?
  4. Do you experience the mind of pure perception as complete?
  5. Have you stopped yourself in the middle of a simple activity and realized that you were happy?


Chapter 2 The Practice of Virtue
Section 1 Guidelines for Behavior
Recognition
The Five Precepts

1. I undertake to train myself to abstain from killing.
The Five Methods
2. I undertake to train myself to abstain from stealing.
3. I undertake to train myself to abstain from sexual misconduct.
4. I undertake to train myself to abstain from false speech.
5. I undertake to train myself to abstain from intoxicants that cause heedlessness and cloud the mind.

Questions Chapter 2, Section 1
  1. Have you stopped in the middle of an unwholesome action and recognized that this was really bad for you?
  2. Are you able to experience a direct empathy for an animalís suffering?
  3. Do you have sorrow when you see an animal killed?
  4. Do you identify with the suffering of other living beings?
  5. Are there instances in which you think it is justifiable to kill another living being?
  6. Can you remember an instance as a child when you stole something? Was there guilt or shame present?
  7. Do you commonly feel justified in taking something that does not belong to you?
  8. Do you feel good when you give something to someone else?
  9. Do you think there are times when it would be correct and justifiable to steal something from someone else?
  10. Do you experience your sexuality as wholesome?
  11. Have you had a sexual relationship that you considered to be unwholesome? What determined it as being unwholesome?
  12. Have you had a sexual experience that you considered to be wholesome? What determined it as being wholesome?
  13. Are you concerned about your body image from the point of view of attracting the opposite sex?
  14. When you experience sexual arousal in the body, is it focused in particular erogenous zones?
  15. Can you experience the whole of your body aroused and intensely alive?
  16. Can you remember a time as a child when you lied? Was there guilt or shame associated with it?
  17. Have you ever silently watched someone being punished for something that you knew they were innocent of?
  18. Do you find it easy to deceive people in your work?
  19. Do you commonly brag about yourself in the company of those you wish to be accepted by?
  20. Do you gossip?
  21. Do you find it easy to undermine others with your speech?
  22. Would you characterize your speech in general as harsh or soft?
  23. Under what circumstances do you use harsh speech or soft speech?
  24. Can you think of a time when it would be justifiable and good to lie?
  25. Do you see yourself as having an addictive personality?
  26. Do you often use intoxicating substances?
  27. Have you injured yourself or others whilst under the influence of intoxicants?
  28. Do you enjoy or get the feeling of release when you indulge in an intoxicant?
  29. Do you commonly use drugs to alter your mental state?
  30. Can you think of a situation when the use of intoxicants would be helpful for a personís unfoldment?


Section 2 Inner Correlation
Impulses that Lead to an Action
The Three Unwholesome States

6. Greed / Covetousness
7. Hatred / Ill will
8. Delusion / Wrong view

Questions Chapter 2, Section 2
  1. Can you identify the moment an impulse of greed arises in the mind?
  2. Can you identify the moment an impulse of hatred arises in the mind?
  3. Can you identify the moment an impulse of delusion arises in the mind?
  4. Can you identify the moment an impulse of generosity arises in the mind?
  5. Can you identify the moment an impulse of loving-kindness arises in the mind?
  6. Can you identify the moment an impulse of knowledge or wisdom arises in the mind?
  7. Can you remember an instance from childhood when grasping at objects was instinctual?
  8. Can you remember instances from childhood when ill will or hatred was expressed in the tone of someoneís voice?
  9. Can you remember an instance from childhood where you doggedly clung to a particular view that you later found to be incorrect?
  10. Can you remember an incidence in which you have clung to a partial view knowing that it was not the complete truth but you were unwilling to concede this to an opponent?


Section 3 Understanding the Disorder
The Seven Illnesses and their Antidotes
9. Lust
10. Ill Will
11. Dullness
12. Agitation
13. Uncertainty
14. Ignorance
15. Boredom

Questions Chapter 2, Section 3
  1. Have you experienced an instance in which there was an often repeated desire in the mind and you consciously denied it?
  2. Are you able to recognize lust when it arises in the mind-body and have you identified it as a hindrance to your development?
  3. Have you consciously developed dispassion as a mental discipline?
  4. Have you experienced an instance in which you had genuine hatred for another person?
  5. Have you experienced an instance where you had an aversion to someone or their activities and didnít know why?
  6. Have you disliked someone but consciously made an effort to treat them with kindness?
  7. Have you experienced conflicting emotions that have exhausted you and produced a dullness of mind-body?
  8. Have you experienced situations that produce a heaviness and dullness in the mind?
  9. Does this dullness or heaviness commonly occur with a particular activity or physical situation?
  10. Does this state occur when in the presence of a particular individual?
  11. Have you identified dullness and the lack of energy as a real hindrance to your unfoldment?
  12. Are there particular situations or instances that have produced agitation in your mind or body?
  13. Were these instances environmental or were they provoked by a particular person?
  14. Were these instances a combination of both?
  15. Is agitation something you are prone to?
  16. Are there particular situations that arise that always produce an agitated state of mind?
  17. Do you often find yourself in situations where you are overwhelmed by uncertainty?
  18. Does uncertainty immobilize you?
  19. Have you found an effective way of coping with uncertainty?
  20. How do you cope with lack of knowledge?
  21. Do you actively search out solutions to difficult problems you face?
  22. Are you comfortable with not knowing something?
  23. Do you have a deep sense of satisfaction when you have solved a problem?
  24. Is boredom a common state of mind for you?
  25. How have you learned to cope with boredom?
  26. Do you recognize boredom as a hindrance to your development?
  27. Was boredom a common state of mind in your childhood?


Chapter 3 Concentration
Section 1 Hindrances to Concentration
Dealing with the Five Hindrances in Meditation
Sensuous Desire
Ill Will
Sloth
Restlessness and Worry
Skeptical Doubt

Questions Chapter 3, Section 1
  1. Are you aware of the difficulty concentrating the mind when sensuous desire is present?
  2. Are you aware of the difficulty concentrating the mind when ill will is present?
  3. Are you aware of the difficulty concentrating the mind when sloth and lethargy are present?
  4. Are you aware of the difficulty concentrating the mind when restlessness and worry are present?
  5. Are you aware of the difficulty concentrating the mind when skeptical doubt is present?
  6. Can you, at will, suppress all of the five hindrances?


Section 2 Cultivation of the Beautiful
Developing Jhana
16. The First Jhana
17. The Second Jhana
18. The Third Jhana
19. The Fourth Jhana
The Arupa-Jhanas, The Formless Absorptions
The Fifth Jhana
20. Boundless Space
21. Boundless Consciousness
22. Emptiness
23. Neither Perception nor Non-Perception

Questions Chapter 3, Section 2
  1. Can you, at will, focus the mind on a given object and investigate it with discursive thought?
  2. Can you, at will, suppress all discursive thinking and focus on a single object to the exclusion of everything else?
  3. Can you, at will, focus on a single object and rest the mind in equanimity?
  4. Can you, at will, rest the mind in equanimity going beyond all pleasure and pain?
  5. Can you, at will, experience boundless space?
  6. Can you, at will, focus the mind on itself without an object of perception?
  7. Can you, at will enter into a state where you are aware of the empty nature of consciousness and the momentary nature of objects?


Chapter 4 the Development of Insight
Section 1 The Three Characteristics
24. Impermanence
25. Suffering
26. Not-self

Questions Chapter 4, Section 1
  1. In the continuum of ordinary consciousness, are you aware of the impermanent nature of yourself and all phenomena?
  2. In the continuum of ordinary consciousness, are you aware that all formations are unsatisfactory?
  3. In the continuum of ordinary consciousness, are you aware that all phenomena arise interdependently?
  4. In the continuum of ordinary consciousness, are you aware that nothing has an independent self-nature?


Section 2 Residual Clinging
Removing Subtle Residual Clinging
Description of the Paths

27. Dispassion
28. Fading away
29. Cessation
30. Relinquishment

Questions Chapter 4, Section 2
  1. Can you rest the mind in luminous consciousness in the midst of daily activity?
  2. Are there moments that still arise in the mind when you think of yourself as a separate entity?
  3. Are there times when you still doubt that you are following the right path?
  4. Are there times when you blindly follow rules without question?
  5. Are there times when you crave certain sensuous stimuli?
  6. Are there times when you have ill will or hatred towards other people?
  7. Do you crave experiences in the heavenly realms?
  8. Do you desire liberation from your physical body?
  9. Do you have conceit about your spiritual attainments?
  10. Do you find yourself restless, looking for new challenges?
  11. Have you thoroughly freed yourself of all ignorance about the nature of reality?


Section 3 Removing Clinging to the External World
31. Destruction
32. Clinging to Karma
33. Overcoming the Perception of Enduring
34. Clinging to the Sign
35. Desire
36. Clinging to a Point of View
37. Higher States of Understanding
38. Knowledge and Vision
39. Danger in Formations
40. Reflection
41.Bondage

Questions Chapter 4, Section 3
  1. Do you still take delight in the perception of physical beauty?
  2. Has greed for objects, experiences and fame faded away in your being?
  3. Do you experience this physical existence as being the only possible one?
  4. Looking at a mountain, do you sometimes in your mindís eye see how it came to be or how it will pass away?
  5. Have you stood by a construction site and watched as a building came into being and contemplated its destruction?
  6. Do you cling to an identity based on a recollection of your wholesome actions?
  7. Have you pondered how the mind perceives in momentary impulses?
  8. Do you cling to the conceptual experience arising from sensory data?
  9. Is there still a deep desire in your being for a greater becoming?
  10. Have you found in your interactions with others that you cling to a point of view even though you know there could be other interpretations?
  11. Do you recognize that there are individuals who have cultivated higher states of understanding?
  12. Do you recognize that the Awakened Ones have knowledge through visionary insight, of vast realms?
  13. Have you ever contemplated the statistical improbability of what you are at the present moment?
  14. Have you ever thought to look at a given moment of experience from many other beingsí perception?
  15. Have you freed yourself from the arrogance of believing that your experience is the only one possible?

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